|Subject Overview: ||
Students that successfully completely this subject will have the skills to practice under a chartered engineer to analyse problems and propose designs in the field of civil and environmental hydraulic engineering. Analysis of water flow in natural and constructed channels is studied in the river hydraulics module. This gives students the fundamental tools to learn techniques such as flood prediction, the design of channels for water movement in irrigation, and the prediction of water levels in channels in environmental flow studies. The movement of water and sediment along coasts due to wave action and currents is the focus of the coastal hydraulics module. An understanding of wave processes in coastal and surf zones is an essential starting point for the design of coastal structures such as piers, groins and jetties. With impending sea level rise, this will be a significant area of civil engineering practice for the foreseeable future. In the third module, the focus will be on processes of sediment transport and geomorphological change in rivers and coastal waters. The ability to analyse these processes can lead to graduates working in the area of river engineering, where for example the erosion of sediment from bridge abutments must be controlled. It is also important in ecological modelling where the movement of sediments and entrainment in water can impact on the habitat of stream biota.
The subject will draw on students’ existing knowledge of fluid mechanics, systems modelling, statistics, engineering mathematics and geomorphology gained from undergraduate or other preparatory study.
- River Hydraulics: revision of basic concepts of steady-state open channel flow and extend this with applications in natural river channels, time dependent behaviour and flood hydraulics
- Coastal Hydraulics: basic wave theory and processes including in the surf zone
- Sediment Transport and Water Quality: mechanisms and models of particulate and solute transport in rivers and coastal environments.
LEARNING AND TEACHING METHODS
These modules will be taught using a combination of self-guided readings, tutorial/practice classes (3 hours/weeks) and group work. Readings provide the basic theory and applications, tutorial support learning of this material through sample problems and discussion in practice classes. Students practice the application of this theory to Civil Hydraulics problems in group projects for each module. There are no traditional lectures in this subject.
INDICATIVE KEY LEARNING RESOURCES
Readings are provided for this subject and made freely available on-line and for purchase as hard copy at the book room. Readings are taken from the following texts and papers:
García, M.H., ed. 2008 Sedimentation engineering : processes, measurements, modeling, and practice; Prepared by the ASCE Task Committee to Expand and Update Manual 54 of the Sedimentation Committee of the Environmental and Water Resources Instiworkshop. Reston, Va. :, American Society of Civil Engineers.
Bridge, J. S. and Demicco, R. 2008 Earth surface processes, landforms and sediment deposits Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Chadwick, A. and Morfett, J. 1998 Hydraulics in civil and environmental engineering. London: E&FN Spon.
Chang, H. H., 1992. Fluvial processes in river engineering. Malabar: Krieger publishing company.
Dean, R. G. and Dalrymple, R.A., - 2002 Coastal processes with engineering applications Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Deslauriers, L. E., Schelew,E. and Wieman,C., 2011. Improved Learning in a Large-Enrollment Physics Class. Science 332(6031), 862-864
Dingman, S. L., 2008. Fluvial hydraulics. New York : Oxford University Press.
French, R. H., 1994. Open-channel hydraulics. New York : McGraw-Hill.
Gordon, N. D., McMahon,T.A. et al.-2nd ed. 2004. Stream hydrology : an introduction for ecologists. Chichester, West Sussex, England: Wiley.
Henderson, F. M., -1966. Open channel flow. New York: Macmillan.
Hibbeler, R. C., 2011. Mechanics of Materials. Boston: Prenctice Hall.
Kamphuis, J. W., 1999. Introduction to coastal engineering and management. Singapore ; London: World Scientific.
Kay, M., 2008. Practical hydraulics. London : Routledge.
Kondolf, M. and Piégay,H., 2003. Tools in fluvial geomorphology. Hoboken, NJ, USA : J. Wiley.
Nielsen, P., 2009. Coastal and estuarine processes. Singapore : World Scientific.
Julien, P.J., -2nd ed.2010. Erosion and Sedimentation. Cambridge University Press
Pretor-Pinney, G., 2010. The Wavewatcher's Companion. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
Reeve, D. and Fleming,C., 2004. Coastal engineering : processes, theory and design practice. London ; New York : Spon Press.
Sorensen, R. M., - 2005. Basic coastal engineering. New York: Springer.
Soulsby, R., 1997. Dynamics of marine sands : a manual for practical applications. London : Telford.
Vogel, S., 1981. Life in moving fluids : the physical biology of flow. Boston, Mass : W. Grant Press.
CAREERS / INDUSTRY LINKS
Case study problems for each of the three modules have been provided with support from practicing engineers.