Philosophy of International Law

Subject LAWS70429 (2015)

Note: This is an archived Handbook entry from 2015.

Credit Points: 12.5
Level: 7 (Graduate/Postgraduate)
Dates & Locations:

This subject is not offered in 2015.

Time Commitment: Contact Hours: The total class time is between 24 and 26 hours.
Total Time Commitment:

The pre-teaching period commences four weeks before the subject commencement date. From this time, students are expected to access and review the Reading Guide that will be available from the LMS subject page and the subject materials provided by the subject coordinator, which will be available from Melbourne Law School. Refer to the Reading Guide for confirmation of which resources need to be read and what other preparation is required before the teaching period commences.

Prerequisites: None
Corequisites: None
Recommended Background Knowledge:

Applicants without legal qualifications should note that subjects are offered in the discipline of law at an advanced graduate level. While every effort will be made to meet the needs of students trained in other fields, concessions will not be made in the general level of instruction or assessment. Most subjects assume the knowledge usually acquired in a degree in law (LLB, JD or equivalent). Applicants should note that admission to some subjects in the Melbourne Law Masters will be dependent upon the individual applicant’s educational background and professional experience.

Non Allowed Subjects: None
Core Participation Requirements:

The Melbourne Law Masters welcomes applications from students with disabilities. The inherent academic requirements for study in the Melbourne Law Masters are:

  • The ability to attend a minimum of 75% of classes and actively engage in the analysis and critique of complex materials and debate;
  • The ability to read, analyse and comprehend complex written legal materials and complex interdisciplinary materials;
  • The ability to clearly and independently communicate in writing a knowledge and application of legal principles and interdisciplinary materials and to critically evaluate these;
  • The ability to clearly and independently communicate orally a knowledge and application of legal principles and interdisciplinary materials and critically evaluate these;
  • The ability to work independently and as a part of a group;
  • The ability to present orally and in writing legal analysis to a professional standard.

Students who feel their disability will inhibit them from meeting these inherent academic requirements are encouraged to contact the Disability Liaison Unit:


For more information:

Phone: +61 3 8344 6190

Subject Overview:

The philosophy of international law has recently emerged as an exciting area of jurisprudential inquiry. This subject will explore the moral and political values that provide a basis for the critical appraisal of international law and institutions. It begins with a study of the legitimacy of international law: its claim to be binding on its subjects. Does legitimacy require consent, democracy or something else? This will lead to an investigation of the ideas of State sovereignty, communal self-determination and, in particular, human rights, as factors bearing on international law’s legitimacy. The final section of the subject considers the implications for the critical evaluation of specific areas of international law, beginning with the doctrine of its sources. The selection of the other two or three areas to be discussed (e.g. international economic law, international environmental law, humanitarian intervention, international criminal law etc.) will be determined by class vote.

Principal topics will include:

  • The legitimacy of international law (in particular, consent, democracy and service conceptions of legitimacy)
  • The value and limits of State sovereignty (and the compatibility of sovereignty with the legitimacy of international law)
  • The basis of communal self-determination (whether in the value of a shared communal identity or shared occupancy of a given territory)
  • The nature and justification of human rights (in particular, the conflict between ‘orthodox’ and ‘political’ conceptions of human rights, and the debate about the foundations of human rights, and whether human rights are merely parochial ‘Western’ constructs)
  • The theory of the sources of international law, esp. the debate between positivist and non-positive accounts of customary international law, and the idea that new customary law can be made by violating existing customary law
  • Selected topics arising in at least two of the following areas of international law: international economic law, international environmental law, humanitarian intervention, international criminal law and laws of war.
Learning Outcomes:

A student who has successfully completed this subject will:

  • Have developed a critical grasp of some of the key conceptual and normative questions that underlie international law and the various approaches to them advocated by leading theorists
  • Have developed their own critical, reflective answers to at least some of these questions; in particular, they will have:
  • An understanding of the problem of the ‘legitimacy’ of international law and of the various responses to it in the literature
  • Assessed the coherence and value of the idea of state sovereignty, and how it can be squared with the bindingness of international law
  • A critical understanding of the principle of communal self-determination, including whether it is best seen as based on considerations of identity or occupancy of a common territory
  • A critical appreciation of the questions surrounding the nature of human rights (including whether they are essentially political norms, concerned with state legitimacy or regulating international intervention) and their grounds (including whether they have a special connection with the value of freedom and whether they can be defended against the charge of Western parochialism)
  • Assessed rival accounts of the sources of international law, especially customary international law, in the light of an adequate theory of legitimacy, and ethical issues surrounding the idea that new customary law can be made by violating existing customary law
  • A critical appreciation of some key conceptual and normative questions arising in selected areas of international law, e.g. international economic law, interventional environmental law, humanitarian intervention, international criminal law

Take-home examination (100%)
10,000 word research paper (100%) on a topic approved by the subject coordinator

Prescribed Texts:

Core subject materials will be provided free of charge to all students. Some subjects require further texts to be purchased. Details regarding any prescribed texts will be provided prior to the commencement of the subject.

Breadth Options:

This subject is not available as a breadth subject.

Fees Information: Subject EFTSL, Level, Discipline & Census Date
Links to further information:

This subject has a quota of 30 students. Please refer to the website for further information about the management of subject quotas and waitlists.

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